"The Bethlehem Oil Mill 1745-1934: German Technology In Early Pennsylvania"

"The Bethlehem Oil Mill 1745-1934: German Technology In Early Pennsylvania"

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The Moravian religious community established at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania in 1741 was unusual, for it consisted primarily of artisans rather than farmers. To achieve economic self-sufficiency and to support their extensive missionary activities, they built numerous workshops and mills during the mid-1700's.

The most remarkable of these early mills was the oil mill. First constructed in 1745 to extract linseed oil from flaxseed, it was rebuilt in 1752 as a combination oilseed, hemp, and tanbark mill. When this installation was destroyed by fire, it was replaced in 1765 by an even larger milling complex.

Using the extensive surviving records, the authors have synthesized a biography of this remarkable early American industrial building and of the men who designed, built, and used it. Contemporary machinery drawings for the 1765 building have been used to reconstruct in detail the manufacturing processes carried out there in the 1760's.

  • Title: "The Bethlehem Oil Mill 1745-1934: German Technology In Early Pennsylvania"
  • Authors: Carter Litchfield, Hans-Joachim Finke, Stephen G. Young, and Karen Zerbe Huetter
  • Publisher: Olearius Editions
  • Year of Publication: 1984
  • Condition: This item is in vintage condition and is being sold as as-is. Due to age, please expect some minor imperfections.


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